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Masako Katsura Pioneering Women’s Billiards in Japan

by sophiajames
Masako Katsura

Masako Katsura was a trailblazer in billiards, a sport that men traditionally dominated. Nicknamed “Katsy,” she became Japan’s only female professional player and rose to fame in the 1950s. Here is a closer look at her life and legacy.

Early Life and Introduction to Billiards

Masako Katsura was born in Tokyo, Japan, on March 7, 1913. She was the daughter of a wealthy family and had a privileged upbringing. Her introduction to billiards came through her brother-in-law, who taught her the game basics. She showed an early aptitude for the sport and soon became fascinated.

Training with Kinray Matsuyama

Katsura’s real breakthrough came when she began training with Kinray Matsuyama, a Japanese champion and one of the best billiards players of his time. Under Matsuyama’s tutelage, Katsura honed her skills and developed a unique style of play that combined precision, speed, and strategy.

Breaking into the Professional Circuit

In the 1950s, Katsura began competing in professional billiards tournaments in Japan. Women were not allowed to play in the same tournaments as men at the time, so Katsura had to compete in a separate women’s circuit. Nevertheless, she quickly gained recognition for her talent and skill, and her performances earned her the nickname “The First Lady of Billiards.”

Challenges and Achievements

Katsura faced numerous challenges during her career, including sexism and discrimination from male players and fans. However, she never let these obstacles get in her way and continued to play at a high level. In 1952, she finished second in the national three-cushion billiards championship, becoming the first woman to do so. She repeated this achievement twice in the following years, cementing her place as one of the best billiards players in Japan.

Exhibition and Legacy

In addition to her tournament success, Katsura was known for her exhibition matches, where she demonstrated her skills to audiences worldwide. One of her most impressive feats was running 10,000 points in the game of straight rail, a complex and demanding discipline that requires a high degree of skill and precision.

Katsura’s legacy is significant for her contributions to billiards and for paving the way for future generations of female athletes in Japan and beyond. Her success and perseverance inspired many women to pursue their dreams and break down barriers in their fields.


Masako Katsura was a pioneering figure in billiards whose talent and dedication helped break down gender barriers and pave the way for future generations of female athletes. Her legacy inspires all those who seek to challenge the status quo and push beyond conventional limits.


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