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Mango Cultivation In India With The Complete Information

by devendra01
Mango Cultivation In India With The Complete Information

Mango cultivation is India’s primary fruit crop cultivation and is considered the king of fruits. In addition to the delicious taste, excellent taste and attractive aroma.

Mango fruit is used in many ways. The unripe fruits are used for making chutneys, pickles and juices. Ripe fruits also prepare many products other than sweets, such as squash, syrups, nectars, jams and jellies. Mango kernel also contains 8-10 per cent good quality fat used for soap. 

This tasty fruit has high demand among the people and considers the most lovable fruit across the World. Therefore, mango cultivation is largely performed in India. Also, it is known as the most profitable business in India. Some efficient machines such as the Massey 245 tractor, rotavator, etc. used to cultivate mango. 

Mango Production In India

Mango accounts for 22% of the total fruit in 1.2 million hectares, with a total production of 11 million tonnes. Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, have the most significant area under Mango, accounting for about 25%. Fresh mangoes and pulp are essential agricultural export items from India. India’s leading export destination for mangoes is the United States and other Middle East countries, with limited quantities shipped to the European market.

Although India is the largest mango producer, accounting for about 60% of the world’s production, fresh fruit exports are limited to the Alphonso and Dussehra varieties. As a result, India’s share in the world’s mango market is about 15 per cent. 

Growing Mango Varieties

Among the varieties grown in India, Dussehra, Lagda, Chausa, Fajri, Bombay Green, Alfansi, Totapari, Himsagar, Kishanbhog, Neelam, Subarnarekha, Vanraj etc. are the major progressive species. Apart from this, new varieties Mallika, Amrapali, Dussehra-5 Dussehri -51, Ambika, Gaurav, Rajiv, Saurav, Ramkela, and Ratna are the principal varieties. To grow these mango varieties, farmers can use Mahindra Arjun 605 tractor and other efficient implements, making the farming process relatively easy. 

Planting Mango 

Mango can sown from seed or vegetatively. Plants generally sown vegetatively using several techniques such as veneer grafting, inarching and epicotyl grafting, Etc.

The planting distance is 10 m. x 10m and 12 m. x 12m in dry and moist areas, respectively. In the model scheme, a distance of 8 m x 8 m has been considered with 63 plant populations per acre, which was expected in the areas covered during a field study.

Fertiliser For Mango cultivation 

Fertilizers can be divided into two parts, one half in June/July immediately after harvesting fruits after irrigation if there is no rain. Applying 3% urea foliar to sandy soil before flowering recommended.

Well decomposed farm-yard manure can added every year. For trench application of fertilizers, 400 g. N and K2O and 200g each. P2O5 should be provided per plant. 

Irrigation Requirements

Water the plants at an interval of 2-3 days after planting at the beginning of a new plant. In the case of grown trees, irrigation provided at an interval of 10 to 15 days from fruit formation to maturity. However, do not rinse 2-3 months before flowering as it is likely to encourage vegetative growth at the cost of flowering.

Intercrops like papaya, guava, peach, plum etc., vegetables, legumes, short duration and dwarf fruit crops can be grown. However, the water and nutrient requirements of intercrops mets separately. 

Weed control 

Mango orchards require more cleaning. In the beginning, to keep the garden clean, weeding, ploughing and ploughing the orchards complete twice a year; this destroys weeds, and underground pests, as well as weeding, Finish from time to time. So that the grass does not take the necessary fertilizers of the plant, and good fruits made.

Pests control 

There are many types of pests in the mango plant such as; To protect against burrowing pests of Mango crop, Gujiya coat, Mango deer and stem penetrating insect, maid fly in Mango, etc., mix Amidachlorpid in 0.3 ml per litre of water and do the first spray before the flowers bloom. Spraying When the fruit becomes equal to the size of a pea, then streaming of Carbaryl 4 grams per litre of water is complete.

Then in the first week of December, to protect against the Gujiya pest, do deep ploughing around the trunk of Mango and keep checking the tree from time to time by adding Chloropyriphas powder 200 grams per tree trunk. After dissolving in a litre of water, do 2 sprays in January at an interval of 15 days. If there is a caterpillar, then spray Monocrotiphos 0.5%

Mango Storage

Due to the short shelf life of mangoes (2 to 3 weeks), they best cooled to a storage temperature of 13°C at the earliest. However, some varieties can withstand storage temperatures of 10°C. The steps involved in post-harvest handling include preparation, grading, washing, drying, waxing, packing, pre-cooling, palletization and transportation.

Mango Packaging

Mangoes usually packed in corrugated fiberboard boxes of 40 cm x 30 cm x 20 cm. Fruits packed in a single layer of 8 to 20 fruits per carton. The package should have sufficient air holes (about 8% of the surface area) for good ventilation.

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