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Is It Necessary To Repair All Hernias Surgically?

by mhsurgery
Is It Necessary To Repair All Hernias Surgically

When an internal organ or other organ protrudes through the muscle or tissue wall that typically surrounds it, it is known as a hernia. The majority of hernias develop between the chest and the hips in the abdominal cavity. There are lots of notions regarding hernia treatment. Many of us believe it can be treated by medications, and many are inclined to surgery. But the fact is that determining the need for hernia repair depends on multiple factors, like symptoms, size, and location of your hernia.

In general, abdominal hernias are only repaired by surgery as the abdominal walls can’t be repaired by medication. A severe case hernia can only be treated and repaired by performing surgery. 

The medications are also used to treat hernia in the initial stages, in addition to the change in diet, maintaining a healthy weight, avoiding persistent cough and activities which can put pressure on abdomen walls. All this can also help in the repair of reducible hernia.

The following are the common types of hernia:

Inguinal Hernia: When part of your intestine pulls through a weak area in your lower belly (abdominal) wall, it’s called an inguinal hernia. A lump forms in your groyne as a result of the hernia. The hernia may enlarge with time. With mild massage and pressure, most inguinal hernias, even large ones, may be made smaller and pushed back into your belly. 

Inguinal hernias are classified as either indirect or direct.

Femoral Hernia: Fatty tissue or a portion of the intestine protrudes into the groyne near the top of the inner thigh, causing a femoral hernia. Femoral hernias are far less prevalent than inguinal hernias, and they mostly afflict women in their later years.

Umbilical Hernia: Fatty tissue or a portion of the intestine pushes through the abdomen at the navel, causing an umbilical hernia (belly button).

Hiatal (hiatus) hernia: A hole in the diaphragm allows part of the stomach to push up into the chest cavity (the horizontal sheet of muscle that separates the chest from the abdomen).

Hernias of the following types are rare:

Incisional Hernia: Tissue protrudes through the site of an abdominal scar from a distant abdominal or pelvic procedure, causing an incisional hernia.

Epigastric Hernia: Fatty tissue protrudes through the abdominal region between the navel and the lower half of the sternum in an epigastric hernia (breastbone).

Spigelian Hernia: The intestine pushes through the abdomen below the navel, on the side of the abdominal muscle.

Diaphragmatic Hernia: It is a condition in which organs from the belly protrude into the chest through a hole in the diaphragm.

If a hernia is not treated for a long period of time or if improper hernia surgery is performed, it can lead to a complex hernia. Multiple abdominal surgeries can also complicate the hernia. It is the foremost step to get timely medical assistance and hernia surgery in Bangalore treatment if needed. 

Hernia Symptoms

There are three types of hernia symptoms, each of which is described below: Based on the symptoms, the procedure and approach to repair the hernia are determined.

Reducible Hernia 

  • It may manifest as a new lump in the groyne or elsewhere in the abdomen.
  • When touched, it may hurt, but it is not painful.
  • Pain may occur before the lump is discovered.
  • Standing or increasing abdominal pressure causes the lump to grow in size (such as coughing).
  • Unless it is really big, it can be decreased (pushed back into the abdomen). 

Irreducible hernia 

  • It might be a painful expansion of a previously reducible hernia that won’t go away on its own or when pushed back into the abdominal cavity. 
  • Some may be chronic (lasting a long time) and painless.
  • It may result in strangulation (blood supply being cut off to tissue in the hernia).
  • Nausea and vomiting are common signs and symptoms of intestinal blockage.

Hernia strangulated

  • In this, the blood supply to the entrapped intestine is cut off.
  • Pain is usually present, followed by soreness and, in rare cases, bowel blockage signs (nausea and vomiting).
  • The individual who is afflicted may seem unwell, with or without a temperature.
  • This situation can lead to a surgical emergency.

Hernias Causes

All hernias are generated by a combination of pressure and weakness or opening in the muscle or fascia; the pressure pulls an organ or tissue through the weakness or hole. Muscle weakness can be present before birth, although it is more common later in life. A hernia can be caused by anything that creates an increase in pressure in the abdomen combined with muscular weakness, such as:

  • Lifting large things without using the abdominal muscles to keep them stable
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Coughing or sneezing that doesn’t stop
  • Obesity, poor diet, and smoking can all weaken muscles and increase the risk of hernias.

People from the 40-70 year age group are most prone to developing a hernia.

Hernia Diagnosis

A physical examination is generally enough to detect a hernia. Your doctor will examine the region for a bulge. In some cases, other imagining tests like MRI, CT scans, or X-Ray tests may be prescribed by your doctor for a better understanding of the complexity.

The proper treatment is necessary as a delay in hernia repair can lead to a life-threatening situation.  

The Reason for Hernias Surgery

In the initial stages of hernia diagnosis for a few types, alterations in lifestyle (changes in diet and food, maintaining healthy body weight) and medications can be helpful.

There are two types of common surgery: open surgery and laparoscopic surgery for hernia.

Open surgery is a type of hernia repair in which an incision or cut is made in the groyne and the surgeon pushes the hernia back into the abdomen. Synthetic mesh or stitches are used to reinforce the wall. This is quite a painful process and takes up to one to two weeks for complete recovery. Furthermore, it is restricted to doing any kind of hard exercise for around 4-6 months.

Advanced laparoscopic surgery is the most satisfactory, effective, and recommended surgery for hernia treatment. Advanced hernia surgery in Bangalore is a technique using 2-3 incisions in the abdomen with general anaesthesia. There are several laparoscopic surgery advantages; 

  • Hospital stay is shorter.
  • Internal scars are fewer
  • Smaller external scars
  • The scars heal faster
  • Less pain
  • Resuming daily activities quicker

Best Hernia Treatment in Bangalore

The smallest symptoms or bulges of a hernia need to be repaired, and a proper medical assistant is a  necessity. Hernias can get bigger over time, causing more symptoms and putting strain on the surrounding tissue.

If you are looking for an exemplary treatment and hernia surgery doctor in Bangalore, then you can contact MH Surgery Clinic,  which is known for its skilled team of an advanced laparoscopic surgeon in Bangalore. MH Surgery Clinic provides the finest treatment, medical consultation, and surgery for hernia repair and any other disease. 

Contact MH Surgery for the most promising hernia surgery doctors in Bangalore for minimally invasive and advanced surgery for a hernia. 

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